VANISHING FOREST RESERVATION IN THE RURAL LANDSCAPE OF THE MAHAWELI
Thirimadura Indrasena Mendis
Department of Geography, University of Trondheim, Norway
This paper falls into three parts. In the first part, the process of destruction
of forest reservation in the Teldeniyaya settlement of system `c' of the
accelerated Mahaweli project is examined. In the literature on the major
colonization schemes of Sri Lanka, the depletion and degradation of forest
reservations have not been a tropic of academic concern. In this context,
this paper attempts to identify the various activities that bring about
the rapid depletion of forest reservation in a selected settlement in
the accelerated Mahaweli project of Sri Lanka.
The second part of the paper deals with the observed changes in the rural
landscape resulting from the destruction and subsequent replacement of
the forest reservations in the study area. In particular, implications
on the land use, land tenure, biotopes and settlement pattern of Teldeniyaya
are examined in depth.
The third part of the paper attempts to explain the process of destruction
of forest reservation in the planned landscape of the agricultural landscape.
The analytical framework for this is to a considerable extent based on
the previous studies that dealt with the irrigated settlements in the
Dry Zone of Sri Lanka and other developing countries.
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science,
of Sri Jayewardenepura,Sri Lanka. 1999. All rights reserved.