ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL ACCEPTANCES AND DEVIATIONS OF FARMERS
FOR CONSERVATION INTERVENTIONS OF SHARED CONTROL OF NATURAL RESOURCES
(SCOR) PROJECT IN HURULUWEWA WATERSHED
Central Environmental Authority.
Shared Control of Natural Resources (SCOR) project of International Irrigation
Management Institute (IIMI) made interdisciplinary watershed management
interventions to achieve rural development (production and profit) and
conservation goals. Huruluwewa watershed was selected for implementing
these interventions. Huruluwewa watershed belongs to the Anuradhapura
district. The environmental conservation goals are significant in social
acceptance as it offers long term benefits to farmers.
This paper discusses the interventions recommended by SCOR in each field
for soil conservation, conservation farming, agro-forestry, chena cultivation,
illicit felling of trees for timber, encroachment of public lands (reservations)
etc.,. It analyses the results and findings extracted from data collected
from January 1997 to August 1997 through participatory observations and
direct observations, individual and group discussions.
Huruluwewa colony consists of farmer families who came from different
parts of the country under colonisation project in the decade of 1950.
Their different cultural backgrounds are significant in intervention processes
such as minimisation of pollution and conservation of environment.
Instead of contour bunds, majority of farmers practice bund systems in
paddy fields. However, they tend to burn litter instead of mulching in
small scale. Ancestral hill country farmers from Nuwara-eliya district
accept that special type of trenches referred to as Bakkikanu are effective
in minimising soil erosion in homegardens rather than contour bunds. Cultural
links with conservation interventions were also found. It was found that
the generally accepted assumption that the poor practice more environmentally
degradable farming practices is not correct in all instances.
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science,
of Sri Jayewardenepura,Sri Lanka. 1995-2000. All rights reserved.