EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF MICROBIAL MIXTURES
IN COMPOST MAKING
H.M.M. Herath and S. C. Wijeyaratne
Department of Botany, University of Sri Jayewardenepura
Air dried grass clippings, leaves, coir dust, saw-dust and cow dung used
as organic raw materials were treated with different microbial mixtures;
a solution of Efficient microorganisms (EM) (T-1), a mixture of Bacteria
in powder from (T-2). The control had only natural microorganisms (T-0).
These treatment units were arranged in randomized block design in an in-door
environment. Composting period was eight weeks. Piles were turned weekly
and samples were taken for analysis. Process was monitored by measuring
the temperature, pH, carbon dioxide evolution rate, C/N ratio and change
in the particle size. Weed seed germination percentage was determined
with the final product.
Temperature of composting piles increased initially in all treatments.
In EM treatment temperature decreased after the third week, in other two
cases a temperature more than 40 0C was retained till the 7th week. In
all treatments pH increased during the first four weeks and later decreased
to neutral range. During the first three weeks the mean CO2 evaluation
rate was higher with the EM solution treated units than with the other
two. The C/N ratio significantly reduced during the process in all three
treatments but the lowest value was observed in EM treatments. Further
change in particle size was significantly higher in EM treatment. Weed
seeds were successfully controlled in compost processed with bacteria
It could be concluded that the EM solution and Bacteria powder used in
the study accelerated the process but there may be disadvantages such
as high weed seed germination and unknown undesirable effects on natural
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science,
of Sri Jayewardenepura,Sri Lanka. 1995-2000. All rights reserved.