GEO-SPATIAL DATA FOR NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
K.D. Parakum Shantha
Sustainable development aims at maintaining equilibrium between human
needs and environmental conservation through efficient use of natural
resources. The space technology provide ways and means for the mankind
to understand and develop the local and global environments, to measure,
map and monitor the changes in these environments, and to supply geo-spatial
information to decision-makers for their use in evaluation of available
options. The geographic information system (GIS) has been developed as
a powerful tool for natural resource management, as it plays an important
role in decision-making through the use of both spatial and attribute
data. It is the technology used for natural resource management at the
different institutions in Sri Lanka at present.
The Survey Department being the national surveying and mapping organization
that provides geo-spatial data to other institutions for their own GISs.
The aim of this paper is to discuss the present role of the Survey Department
in providing geo-spatial data for natural resource management and to address
the key issues that relate to the data standards within GIS context.
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science,
of Sri Jayewardenepura,Sri Lanka. 1995-2000. All rights reserved.