FAUNAL SURVEY OF GANNORUWA FOREST
Weediya Bandara** and P Paranagama***
*National herbarium, Peradeniya, **IUCN, Peradeniya, ***Wild
Gannoruwa forest is one of the remaining natural ecosystems found in the
vicinity of Kandy. This ecosystem could be used as a foundation site for
scientific education. For this reason its is considered very important
to conserve Gannoruwa forest as a protected area. In addition to information
about flora, faunal data also helps to value this area. The present preliminary
survey was carried out to gather baseline information and prepare a fauna
inventory of Gannoruwa forest.
Line transacts were marked in different habitat types and Mammals, Birds,
Amphibians, Reptiles, a few invertebrate groups, Molluscs, Butterflies
were recorded. All species seen and calls identified were recorded.
So far more than fifty bird species were recorded. Loriculus beryllinus,
Columa torringtoni, Eumyias sordida, Megalaima flavifrous and Bradypterus
palliseri are some endemic species found in the study area. Four Amphibian
species were noted and 2 of these are endemic (Philotus temporrralis and
Philotus nasutus). The agamid lizards observed in the Gannoruwa forest
are Otocryptis weigmanni (endemic) Lyriocepalus scutatus (endemic genus),
Calotus versicolo and Calotus calotus. Mammals in the area include endemic
Macaca sinica, Sun scrofa, Herpestes fuscus, Tragulus meminna, Field Mice,
Rats, Squirrels and Bats. Some butterflies and land molluscs were also
recorded in this ecosystem. The highest number of bird species and butterflies
were noted in the lower disturbed area of the forest.
More species diversity data will be obtained in the month of November
1995; this information will be help to give a better idea about the forest:
it is necessary for future management and conservation of the area and
to help prepare any educational programme.
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science,
of Sri Jayewardenepura,Sri Lanka. 1999. All rights reserved.